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Sáfrány Zsolt
Sáfrány Zsolt

Kontekst: a comprehensive guide to the meaning and usage of context in communication and discourse

What is Kontekst?

Kontekst is a word that comes from Latin contextus, meaning "a weaving together". It refers to the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, or message. Kontekst helps us to understand the meaning and intention behind what we read, hear, or see. Without kontekst, we might misinterpret or miss important information.

Kontekst is not only a word, but also a concept that is used in various fields and disciplines, such as linguistics, communication, translation, education, psychology, sociology, and more. In this article, we will explore what kontekst is, why it is important, what types of kontekst exist, what challenges it poses for translation, and what benefits it offers for learning.


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The Importance of Kontekst in Communication

Communication is the process of exchanging information, ideas, feelings, or opinions between two or more parties. Communication can take place through different modes, such as verbal (spoken or written), non-verbal (body language or gestures), visual (images or symbols), or auditory (sounds or music). Communication can also occur in different settings, such as face-to-face, online, or mediated.

Kontekst plays a crucial role in communication because it provides clues and cues that help us to interpret and respond to messages appropriately. Kontekst helps us to:

  • Identify the purpose and goal of communication

  • Determine the tone and style of communication

  • Infer the meaning and implication of words and expressions

  • Recognize the emotions and attitudes of communicators

  • Establish rapport and trust with communicators

  • Avoid misunderstandings and conflicts

Types of Kontekst

Kontekst can be classified into different types, depending on the source and nature of the information that it provides. Some of the common types of kontekst are:

Linguistic Kontekst

Linguistic kontekst refers to the words and sentences that surround a particular word or expression in a text or speech. Linguistic kontekst helps us to understand the meaning and function of words and expressions, as well as their grammatical and logical relationships. For example, consider the word "bank". Depending on the linguistic kontekst, it could mean a financial institution, a river shore, or a verb meaning to tilt or turn. Linguistic kontekst can be further divided into two subtypes:

  • Co-text: The immediate linguistic kontekst that precedes or follows a word or expression. For example, in the sentence "She went to the bank to withdraw some money", the co-text helps us to infer that "bank" means a financial institution.

  • Inter-text: The broader linguistic kontekst that relates to a text or speech as a whole. For example, in a news article about economics, the inter-text helps us to assume that "bank" means a financial institution.

Situational Kontekst

Situational kontekst refers to the physical and temporal environment in which communication takes place. Situational kontekst helps us to understand the setting and circumstances of communication, as well as the roles and identities of communicators. For example, consider the phrase "How are you?". Depending on the situational kontekst, it could be a genuine inquiry, a polite greeting, or a rhetorical question. Situational kontekst can be further divided into two subtypes:

kontekstualno slične riječi

kontekstno podobne besede

kontekst u govoru

kontekst i betydning

kontekst i kultur

kontekst i kommunikation

kontekst i litteratur

kontekst i pisanju

kontekst i učenju

kontekst i historie

kontekst i filosofi

kontekst i sociologiji

kontekst i psihologiji

kontekst i lingvistici

kontekst i pragmatiki

kontekst i semiotici

kontekst i diskursu

kontekst i analizi

kontekst i interpretaciji

kontekst i argumentaciji

kontekst i retorici

kontekst i kritici

kontekst i teoriji

kontekst i metodologiji

kontekst u umjetnosti

kontekst u dizajnu

kontekst u arhitekturi

kontekst u muzici

kontekst u filmu

kontekst u pozorištu

kontekst u fotografiji

kontekst u slikarstvu

kontekst u književnosti

kontekst u poeziji

kontekst u prozi

kontekst u drami

kontekst u humoru

kontekst u ironiji

kontekst u metafori

kontekst u politici

kontekst u medijima

kontekst u novinarstvu

kontekst u reklamiranju

kontekst u obrazovanju

kontekst u nastavi

kontekst u kurikulumu

kontekst u evaluaciji

kontekst u istraživanju